The Effects of Computerized and Traditional Ear Training Programs on Aural Skills of Elementary Students
Ross, Zachary R.
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of computerized and traditional ear training methods on the aural skills abilities of elementary music students. The sample consisted of 20 students who were randomly assigned to either an experimental or control group. The experimental group was taught for five sessions using computerized ear training program while the control group was taught for five sessions using traditional, non-computerized ear training methods. At the end of the five sessions, students were tested. Data were collected by administering a test to both experimental and control groups that measured students' ability to identify by ear eleven different pitch intervals and three different qualities of chords. Students were also administered a survey to measure their attitudes toward their experience in the ear training program. Data were analyzed using independent t-tests. The results indicated a significant difference between the test scores of the control and experimental groups. There was no significant difference found between the experimental and control groups regarding their attitude survey results. The results of this study suggest the use of computerized ear training instruction is beneficial in achieving aural skills.